The Brazilian Fila is an ancient breed of dog. There are two major ideas about the origin of these dogs, but historians are unable to determine which is right.
So, they may be related to several European dogs, such as the Cao de Castro Laboreiro, the Spanish Mastiff, the Cao de Gado Transmontano, the Cao Fila de San Miguel, and the Rafeiro do Alentejo, among others.
In any event, the breed has persisted to the present day and has maintained a number of Middle Age-era characteristics. The Fila Brasileiro was bred and turned into a full-fledged breed on cattle ranches, farms, and plantations.
One of these characteristics, which many regard as the most important, is the dog’s ability to seize the victim with a death grip, but not to strangle or shred him, but to hold him until the hunter comes. With these dogs, large wildlife, including the jaguar, was hunted. Obviously, humans started using this kind of dog’s grasp not only to hunt large wildlife, but also to capture fugitive slaves.
Until the early 20th century, when slavery started to decline, this type performed these duties virtually constantly. In addition to capturing captives and hunting, Fila often acted as a guard and watchdog. In 1946, the first formal breed standard was drafted. Dr. Paulo Santos Cruz made significant contributions to the evolution of the breed.
Because of its size, power, and aggressiveness, the Fila Brasileiro is banned in several countries.
It is a giant dog with a rectangular body, robust and strong, with medium-sized legs. The head is massive and weighty, with enormous, drooping ears. The chest is broad and deep, and the croup is situated over the withers (which is fairly rare).
Thick skin develops creases, especially around the neck. Color – black, tiger, pale, with an occasional black mask. The fur is short, and the tail is medium-length.
The breed possesses an aggressive trait that must be directed appropriately. Otherwise, unrestrained aggressiveness may be disruptive. Without training, the dog will be unpleasant and potentially even violent toward strangers and other dogs on the street. As you are aware, this behavior is inappropriate in today’s civilized society.
Socialization is necessary and must begin at a young age. In addition, working with the breed of File Brasileiro involves several peculiarities. Specifically, you may not leave the dog alone with strangers or individuals at home or at a guesthouse. Even if this individual is well-known to the dog and often visits your home, there is nothing about strangers to say.
They are very resilient creatures that can easily accompany you on a trek, a long stroll, or a vacation across the globe. Your pal will be a trustworthy partner who will never disappoint you.
It is natural for the Fila Brasileiro breed to have strong protective instincts; they do not even need training. Repressing such impulses is not only illogical, but also very detrimental, since they are the dog’s inner calling, which he feels with his whole self.
If the animal bred for such a purpose does not meet your needs, just do not breed him. Excellent scent and sense of smell, attentive and daring to fight. Highly clever and perceptive.
Youngsters are OK if they are family members, but it is best not to leave children under six years old alone. In addition, the youngster must be instructed in the laws of animal behavior.
Fila Brasileiro is a breed that must mainly develop social behavior, and training helps to refine the dog’s instincts and ensure its submission to the owner.
Beginning at a young age, training should be constant, uninterrupted, patient, and pleasant. You should always assume the role of leadership. Rudeness and too many scoldings are not allowed because the dog is intelligent and sensitive to unfairness.
Fila Brasileiro is a very healthy dog. Infrequently encountered are:
- Dysplasia of the hip;
- Dysplasia of the elbow;
- Gastric torsion.